Minerals in forest soils of Vihorlat and beech primeval forests
Vihorlat (1076 m above sea level) is the highest peak of Vihorlatské vrchy (engl. Vihorlat mountains). The name of the hill is of Slavic origin derived from the word "vyhorľať"- a mountain with many burned places. In case of suitable weather conditions, it is possible to see the distant peaks of the Low and High Tatras in the west or the Gutínske vrchy mountains in the northwest of Romania. Vihorlat is located on the territory of the Valaškovce military district. Public access to these places is possible without the need for a permit, but there are few restrictions. Vihorlat is a beautiful volcanic mountain range. Its geographical location and special geological development are responsible for the creation of the Morské oko lake, Sninský kameň hill, or unique upland peat bogs. It is the easternmost extinct volcano in Slovakia. Vihorlat is very easy to recognize - as it has a truncated top. It is one of the most forested hills in Slovakia. Vihorlat Protected Landscape Area is a part of Vihorlat mountains.Vihorlat is a large complex of beech primeval forests. Primeval Beech Forest in Vihorlat has been declared UNESCO World Natural Heritage in 2007. It was added to the list together with such world-famous locations as Yellowstone National Park, the Grand Canyon, Mount Everest, and Kilimanjaro. The reason for it was preserved beech forests with over 240 years old beech exemplars. It is an oasis of peace and relaxation, but also home to a wide range of interesting animals and plants. There is no official marked hiking trail in this area. The nature trail leads through a forest with a length of approximately 12.5 kilometers. An interesting part of this mountain range is the mineral named "vihorlatit". It is the only locality in the world where it occurs. A more recent discovery in this area is the mineral "teluronevskit".
Do you know what connects Vihorlat with the Valaškovský most bridge, which is a relative of the Eiffel Tower in the town of Humenné?
As we have already mentioned, Vihorlat lies on the territory of the military district (MD) Valaškovce. Originally, it was a village from which people were evicted because of the construction of this MD in 1937. Part of the population was relocated to Humenné, specifically to the part "Za Vodou", which the locals still call Valaškovce. This location was and still is connected to the rest of the town by the Valaškovský most bridge, which has by now a history of more than 100 years.